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Physician Specialties Explained: A - Z



Neurologists specialize in disorders of the brain, the spinal cord and the nervous system and the treatment of patients suffering from Alzheimer's, epilepsy, head injuries and stoke complications.


Obstetricians specialize in the care of women during pregnancy, labor and after childbirth.


Otolaryngologists specialize in treatment of conditions relating to the ears, nose and throat such as tonsilitis, adenoiditis, hearing loss and balance disorders.


Pathologists specialize in laboratory procedures by examining body tissues to diagnose diseases, determine cause of death and various medical conditions.


Pediatricians specialize in the care of infants, children, teenagers and young adults and the treatment and prevention of a broad range of varying physical, emotional and social conditions.


Podiatrists specialize in disorders of the foot and the treatment of chronic foot and ankle pain, injuries, deformities and infections.


Pulmonologists specialize in diseases of the respiratory system such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia, sleep disorders and disorders of the lungs.


Radiologists specialize in the detection and diagnosis of diseases and injuries by interpreting images made using radioactive equipment including x-ray machines, MRI, ultrasounds, and nuclear medicine.


Rheumatologists specialize in conditions of the bones, joints and musculoskeletal system and the treatment of over 100 types of diseases such as arthritis, gout, tendonitis, fibromyalgia, back pain, osteoporosis, and lupus.


Urologists specialize in disorders of the male and female urinary tracts and the male genital tract using endoscopic surgery to diagnose and treat conditions of the urinary tract, prostate and bladder.
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